What are trigger point injections?
Trigger point injections are small shots composed of a mixture of
anesthetics and steroid medications. They act by decreasing
inflammation (swelling) of surrounding underlying tissues and
structures, which can be the source of pain, and by relaxing
associated tight muscles.
What are epidural injections?
In between vertebral bones that make up the spinal column lie
intervertebral discs. Over time and/or due to strenuous activities or
injuries, these discs may bulge out, compressing the surrounding
nerves and causing pain. Likewise, some patients may have degenerative
disc changes that may also compress nerves. Epidural injections are
given under guided imaging into the spinal canal area outside the
spinal cord. This results in a decrease of the surrounding
inflammation, and ultimately, decreased pain. Additionally, epidural
injections may be used for diagnostic purposes to assist
What are facet joint blocks?
The vertebral bones surrounding the spinal cord are connected to each
other through several joints. One of these joints, the facet joint, is
found at every vertebral level from the neck to the tailbone on both
sides of the spinal column. Sometimes, these joints can become
inflamed, irritating the surrounding nerves and causing pain. A facet
joint block is performed by injecting a mixture of anesthetics and
steroids directly into the facet joint under guided imaging. This
results in reduced inflammation, and ultimately, a reduction of pain.
These injections may be used for diagnostic purposes as well.
I’ve heard that steroids have side effects. Is this true?
As with all medications, there are both benefits and potential side
effects to steroids. However, the steroids we use are pure and
targeted to specific areas of the body with limited systemic effects.
We can discuss in detail if you have any questions at the time of first consultaion.